A reader asks: What is the difference between the Toltec and the Inca?
The Inca, ruling from the Andes of Peru, tend to be more isolationist. It reminds me of the Tibetan in many ways, up in the heights of the world, protected from all other influences, they grow strong for millennia. Their social hierarchy was unavailable, and the emperor was considered a god on earth. Their ruling class was a different race than the indigenous population. In fact, the ruling elite was white and of Semitic overtones. Incestuous, like the ruling families of early egypt and medieval Europe, their genetic pool deteriorated over time, but were able to maintain hegemony in their control of the population for thousands of years. On the fringe of their rule, the Amazon shamans were practicing old rituals dedicated to the spirits of the jungle more in touch with the prehistory of humanity than with the advancement of civilization. In this, too, the similarity with Tibetan history is striking. The highly sophisticated spiritual technology of the Lamas shared the land with the tantric practices of the rugged shamans who existed in the mountains long before the development of Buddhism and the Vedantic philosophies. In modern times, the shamans of Perú combine the uses of rapé and ayahuasca of the jungle with some of the cultural icons of the Inca, and mix more and more with the trappings of Catholicism and Judaism as they seek to attract tourists.
The Toltec on the other hand, were not the ruling class of their people. Originally, the Toltec were the esoteric schools of the Nahuas, the people of Mexico and Central America, not their ruling class. They were eclectic and world oriented, mixing the technologies dispersed all over the world. They were more interested in the spiritual attainment than the ruling. That said, there were times when they were sought to rule, to advice, or to maintain civilization. Their identity, however, was always with humanity as a whole. The two civilizations, the Nahua and the Inca, differed essentially in that the former was open and eclectic, and the latter closed and hierarchical. The Toltec would bring people from Mongolia, Japan, Egypt, and Europe. Their techniques were the accomplishment of Alchemy, magick, and the initiatory schools of the West. Their shamanism was of the desert and the volcano.
Both civilizations, however, did commerce and learned from each other over the centuries. The pyramids of Teotihuacan made strong use of Mica, a mineral they would obtain 3,000 miles south, from the jungles of the Amazon. In Central America, El Salvador to be precise, both civilizations maintained their borders. It was in that border that my people grew and learned.